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ENGLISHbegan operating on July 16, 1937. Extermination took place by means of forced labor, with Camp records showing that 56,554 people died there. Some of the deportees were Communist leaders, who organized an underground International Comitée, a military and radio system. The Camp was evacuated on April 6,1945; when Allies arrived on April 11, the Camp was being managed by its International Comitée.